You are using an older browser version. Please use a supported version for the best MSN experience.

What happened at Arthur's Stone? 5,000-year-old monument connected to King Arthur excavated

USA TODAY logo USA TODAY 7/14/2022 Saleen Martin, USA TODAY
Researchers from the University of Manchester and English Heritage, the charity that cares for Arthur’s Stone in the West Midlands of England, are conducting an excavation of the site in the hopes of finding traces of the Neolithic Britons who built and used the chambered tomb. © The University of Manchester Researchers from the University of Manchester and English Heritage, the charity that cares for Arthur’s Stone in the West Midlands of England, are conducting an excavation of the site in the hopes of finding traces of the Neolithic Britons who built and used the chambered tomb.

Corrections and clarifications: An earlier version of this story had an incorrect length for the stone. It is 13 feet long. 

Some say King Arthur slew a giant there. Others say he knelt in prayer and his knee print indentations are forever etched into the stone.

Archaeologists set out to find out what really happened at Arthur's Stone, a 5,000-year-old Neolithic chambered tomb in Herefordshire, England, near the border of Wales.

UP NEXT
UP NEXT

Start the day smarter. Get all the news you need in your inbox each morning.

On July 1, a team of researchers began excavating the site, said Julian Thomas, an archaeology professor at the University of Manchester who leads the project.

They'll be on site for the next four weeks, Thomas said.

After looking at other sites in the area, researchers realized there was probably much more activity there than they initially thought.

"We found that there were more expansive traces of the monument," Thomas said.

Thomas said his team found evidence of "a small, low-turf mound with a timber palisade around it," as well as traces of an "avenue of upright timbers in a series of postholes," which could indicate the presence of a ceremonial path leading to the monument.

Team member Mary Elizabeth Ong said their findings contrast with what she learned about people's movements.

"What we have is evidence of the fact that these people were here way before it was originally reported to be," Ong said.

Arthur's Stone is more than meets the eye

Arthur's Stone was built around 3,700 B.C., at the beginning of the Neolithic period, and has inspired tales passed down through generations, Thomas said.

It was a time "of great change in this country when domesticated plants and animals were being introduced for the first time," he said. "We have a whole series of these various kinds of megalithic tombs and long barrows, which are the funerary monuments of this period."

Thomas said that when most people see photos of Arthur's Stone, they're probably looking at the chamber, a large capstone that weighs about 25 tons and measures about 13 feet long and 7 feet wide.

The capstone is held up on a series of upright stones, he said.

The structure as a whole may be part of a mound that's at least 100 feet long.

"That chamber is set within a very much larger mound," he said. "It is possible that there were other chambers in that mound. That's something we're looking at."

He said the monument could be elongated, oval-shaped or even a trapezoid, broader at one end than the other.

Though the team isn't the first to excavate the site, it's a "great honor" to work there because the area isn't well-understood, Thomas said.

He stressed that the team isn't interfering with human remains in any way.

"We're not working in the chamber," he said. "We're working on the periphery of the mound, and we're trying to understand the construction of the mound. We're doing that with great respect and reverence. We're certainly not, in any sense, grave-robbers or trying to mess around with any human remains that may have been deposited here at any point."

From California to England

The team is made up of about 55 people, including Ong, 20, who goes to El Camino College in the Alondra Park area of California.

She joined the project through the Institute for Field Research, a nonprofit that helps students get fieldwork training.

"I worked on the trenches and cleaned and basically dug a little deeper on what was surrounding Arthur's Stone," she said. "We found modern stones, and by removing them, we were able to see the soil underneath which is covered in quartz. There may be a mound underneath the Neolithic stone."

The dig, which is co-directed by archaeologist Keith Ray from Cardiff University, is a team effort between the University of Manchester, Historic England and English Heritage, a charity that manages historic monuments.

Thomas said the latest dig came about as part of the Beneath Hay Bluff project, a program that has been investigating prehistoric southwest Herefordshire since 2010.

Saleen Martin is a reporter on USA TODAY's NOW team. She is from Norfolk, Virginia – the 757 – and loves all things horror, witches, Christmas and food. Follow her on Twitter at @Saleen_Martin or email her at sdmartin@usatoday.com.

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: What happened at Arthur's Stone? 5,000-year-old monument connected to King Arthur excavated

AdChoices
AdChoices
image beaconimage beacon